Glossary of Terms
Movement of your arm or leg away from the midline (most often connected to the hip/shoulder)
Movement of your arm or leg towards the midline (most often connected to the hip/shoulder)
Both arms or legs
The study of movement of a living body, including how muscles, bones, tendons, and ligaments work together to produce movement.
Relating to the neck. The natural curve of the cervical spine is lordosis.
A physical movement that increases the angle between the bones of the arm or leg at a given joint. In the spine, extension increases the angle between joints on the front of the body.
Used to describe movement at the hip when you move along the long axis of the leg to create toe out. Also used to describe movement at the shoulder when you move along the long axis of the arm to create palms facing out in front of the body. Can also be known as lateral rotation.
Flexion refers to a movement that decreases the angle between two body parts. In the spine, flexion decreases the angle between joints on the front of the body.
Cuts the body into front and back halves. Frontal plane movements are side-to-side movements.
Activity designed to be practical and useful rather than serving only a physical aesthetic.
Used to describe movement at the hip when you move along the long axis of the leg to create toe in. Also used to describe movement at the shoulder when you move along the long axis of the arm to create palms facing the back of the body. It is also known as medial rotation.
Pertaining to the low back. The natural curve of the lumbar spine is lordosis.
An imaginary line down the middle of the body that splits the body into equal left and right parts.
The regulation of movement in organisms that possess a nervous system.
This is the natural position of the spine when all three curves of the spine — cervical (neck), thoracic (middle) and lumbar (lower) — are present and in good alignment. Neutral spine is the safest and strongest position for the spine when we are standing, sitting, moving, and exercising.
The branch of medicine concerned with the correction or prevention of deformities, disorders, or injuries of the skeleton and associated structures (such as tendons and ligaments).
Lying face down.
Relating to the sacrum which is the keystone-shaped fused-spinal segment below the lumbar (low back).
The sagittal plane is an anatomical plane which divides the body into right and left parts.
Lying facing up.
Relating to the mid-back (thoracic spine). The natural curve of the thoracic spine is slight kyphosis.
Single arm or leg.